In what ways are the four natural elements used in The Tempest?

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In the very first scene of The Tempest, we see the storm Prospero has raised by his art, which is magic, and in it, air (wind), water (the sea), and fire (lightning) are all controlled by him, in this case through his spirit servant, Ariel:

I boarded the king's ship; now on the beak / Now in the waist, the deck, in every cabin, / I flamed amazement: sometime I'ld divide / And burn in many places; on the topmast / The yards and bowsprit, would I flame distinctly / Then meet and join. Jove's lightnings, the precursors/O' the dreadful thunder-claps, more momentary / And sight-outrunning were not; the fire and cracks / Of sulphurous roaring the most mighty Neptune / Seem to besiege and make his bold waves tremble / Yea, his dread trident shake.

The island on which Prospero and his daughter dwell, representing earth, forms the fourth element. He speaks to Miranda of the elements as he describes their perilous ocean journey to their safe haven:

To cry to the sea that roar'd to us, to sigh / To...

(The entire section contains 3 answers and 881 words.)

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