In what ways did the new spirit of nationalism that emerged after the War of 1812 affect economic and judicial policies?
The conclusion of the War of 1812 brought about a sudden rise in nationalism, resulting in economic prosperity and the prestige of the national government. After the war, President Madison began to advocate for a new national bank, road and canal systems, a new national university, protection of industries, and a permanent army and navy. These bold ideas were the representation of a strong national government.
Accordingly, in 1816, a new Bank of the United States was chartered as a response to the number of state banks which were issuing questionable paper money and flooding the market. This new bank made it easier for the United States government to borrow and transfer money and rendered the value of bank notes more certain.
Additionally, the Tariff of 1816 became the first American tariff to be used for protection. It attempted to eliminate foreign competition by taxing foreign imports and making American manufactured goods the cheaper option.
This period after the war was also marked by the "Era of Good Feelings," which represented a sudden decrease in political tension—from an outside perspective, at least—as the Federalist party essentially disbanded.
Overall, the American people were confident in their country, in their country's leadership, and in their government's ability to make economic and judicial choices that would serve the best interests of the nation.