In George Orwell's novel Animal Farm, for what crimes (besides destroying the windmill) was Snowball blamed by Napoleon?
In George Orwell’s novel Animal Farm, Snowball is blamed by Napoleon not only for destroying the windmill (a false accusation, since the badly constructed windmill was ironically blown down by strong winds) but also for a number of other misdeeds. Among such purported misdeeds are the following:
- The claim that Snowball had stolen from Napoleon the plans for the windmill.
- The claim that Snowball had lied about there being a prohibition against trade with humans.
- The claim that Snowball was “secretly frequenting the farm by night.”
- The claim that Snowball had sneaked into the cows’ stalls and milked them at night.
- The claim, by Squealer, that
Snowball has sold himself to Frederick of Pinchfield Farm, who is even now plotting to attack us and take our farm away from us! Snowball is to act as his guide when the attack begins. But there is worse than that. We had thought that Snowball's rebellion was caused simply by his vanity and ambition. But we were wrong, comrades. Do you know what the
real reason was? Snowball was in league with [farmer] Jones from the very start! He was Jones's secret agent all the time. It has all been proved by documents which he left behind him and which we have only just discovered.
- The claim that Snowball was guilty of treason even when seeming to lead the battle against invasion by the humans.
- The claim that Snowball was in league with traitors and conspirators on the farm.
- The claim that Snowball was plotting to murder Napoleon.
- The claim that Snowball had planted weeds among the corn.
- The claim that Snowball had lied about winning medals for his service in combat.
- The claim that Snowball had attempted to poison Napoleon.
- The claim that Snowball had secretly been on the enemy’s side during the famous Battle of the Cowshed, when he had merely seemed to behave bravely.
All the charges against Snowball are (of course) false, just as Orwell believed that similar charges by Joseph Stalin (Napoleon) against Leon Trotsky (Snowball) were also false.