In what ways is contrast used to define Winston and O'Brien in the novel 1984?

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clane eNotes educator| Certified Educator

To show how two things are in contrast to each other is to show how they are different and Winston and O'Brien are very different characters in the story. Winston is a member of the Outer Party, while O'Brien is a member of the Inner Party, a small faction of leaders who create and help to enforce the advancement of the Party. Winston commits thought crime again and again against Big Brother throughout the first two parts in the novel. By the third part he has been arrested by O'Brien and will be reconditioned in the Ministry of Love, by O'Brien. Winston feels that he and O'Brien are connected in some way, he feels like they are friends who want to overthrow the Party no matter how long it takes. Winston finds out that O'Brien is working for Big Brother and that he actually wrote Goldstein's book. Their roles and purposes in the novel and the Party are entirely different, but each serves to show the reader how the world can change if people give their government too much power.