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The Mexican War (and the issue of Texas which helped cause it) was very closely connected to the fight within the United States over slavery.
The two are connected because the Mexican War brought huge areas of new land into the United States. This land was going to have to be either free or slave. This would, potentially, upset the balance between free states and slave states.
The fact that the war would be disruptive can be seen in debates over it. For example, the Wilmot Proviso stipulated that all land that might be taken from Mexico would have to be free. This caused huge amounts of conflict between slave and free states. After the war was over, the newly taken land led to such things as the arguments over the Compromise of 1850.
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