In what way is there a sense of futility in the text?What does futility mean and how is there a sense of futility in the text? And also, how did the author bring across the sense of...
What does futility mean and how is there a sense of futility in the text? And also, how did the author bring across the sense of futility in the text to her readers?
Futility is when nothing that you do matters -- things go wrong and you can't fix them, you are powerless.
You can see this to some extent in the lives of most of the people in the book. For example, nothing that any of the greasers can do can save Johnny. And nothing they can do can save Dally. Those guys are just doomed.
A lot of the characters seem like that. It seems like nothing that they can do will affect their fate in any meaningful way.
There is some futility in the inevitability that Johnny and Dally will be destroyed in the story, and that neither has the capacity to save the other. Johnny is too wounded by the violence around him, and Dally is too hardened by it. Given different life circumstances the boys could have a chance of a different destiny, but in their strait jacket of gang culture they are smothered to death.
I would say it's fatalistic. The gang can't save their own. They know it, and the audience knows it. We know Dally wants to die, and we know he will. The situation with Darry, Soda, and Pony Boy is a little less certain, but what the audience will know about kids who grow up in situations like they do, is that they rarely make it out.
There is also the futility in the lives of the Soc's. They have everything: money, fast cars and smart clothes. However, as both Cherry and Randy explain, their lives are empty and have little purpose.