In what way does Golding's Lord of the Flies demonstrate that the evil in humans destroys civilization?
I have to chose whether Golding's novel demonstrates that the evil of humans destroys civilization
whether Goldings novel demonstrates that the evil in civilization destroys humans.
To me, the novel shows the first of these two -- I would argue that it shows that the evil in humans destroys civilization.
When the kids are stranded on the island, you can not really say that they are bringing civilization with them. They are mostly too young to have been affected all that much by civilization. So they are pretty much starting their own civilization.
But as the book goes on, the kids' own innate selfishness makes them unable to work for the common good. Because they all act selfishly, they cannot maintain their "civilization."
So I think Golding is trying to say people destroy civilization, not the other way around.
I have to agree with pohnpei397. The boys are coming from a place that has already experienced the evil that led to an apocalyptic event. Civilization was being destroyed and the boys are being transported to safety. Once they are on the island qualities of jealously, fear, the need to have an identified fear (the beast), and the Good vs. evil appears. Jack and Roger collect the boys through ritual and savagery and soon the evil creeps through most of the older boys. Ralph is the only one left who does not succumb to the evil once Piggy is killed. The civilized ways that he and Piggy had hoped to maintain are destroyed.