What was the United Nations plan for establishing a Jewish state in the Middle East?
It was when Israel declared itself an independent nation and its neighbors in the Middle East had reacted militarily.
Following World War II, Great Britain decided to give up its hold on the Palestinian territory. It left the fate of this disputed land in the hands of the newly created United Nations. In response, the UN sent a team to Palestine to assess the situation. The team determined that separate Jewish and Arab states needed to be created in order to maintain peace in the region.
On November 29, 1947, the UN voted to divide Palestine. The proposed map gave slightly more land to the Jewish state, and made an effort to give each state a majority of its own ethnic population. The plan also called for Jerusalem and Bethlehem to become international zones controlled by neither group.
Unfortunately, the Palestinian Arabs rejected the UN plan. They felt the Jewish population was receiving an unfair proportion of land. Fighting between the two groups soon began. The Jewish Zionists had greater military force and quickly gained control of the territory promised them in the UN plan. When Britain officially withdrew from the territory in 1948, the state of Israel was officially proclaimed. Almost simultaneously, Egypt, Syria, Jordan, and Iraq invaded. The subsequent war lasted until 1949 when a peace agreement was reached. The land once held by the Palestinian Arabs was divided into three separate territories, and Israel took over 77% of the territory. Thus, the UN partition plan never went into effect.