What was the United Jewish Appeal in the 1940s?how is it related to catholic religion in the 1940s

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pohnpei397 eNotes educator| Certified Educator

United Jewish Appeal was founded in 1939.  It was formed from the merger of some other organizations that had been active in charities meant to help Jews.

During the first few years of its existence, the United Jewish Appeal was mainly active in trying to protect Jews from what we now call the Holocaust.  They sent food to people in need and tried to arrange to get Jews to Palestine (what's now Israel) and even to the United States.

After the end of WWII, the organization continued to work to try to get Jews who were displaced by the war to be able to move to Israel.  In the late 1940s, UJA helped the new nation of Israel, mostly by donating money.

mkcapen1 | Student

The United Jewish appeal  organized an effort to determine what the pope's actions and the actions of the Catholic Church during the Holocaust.  The Vatican did nothing to publicly take a stand against the atrocities that were occurring during the Holocaust.  Instead the Vatican initiated tried to negotiate their own presence with the NAZI party.

“The same month that Kristallnacht took place in Germany; racial laws in Italy were tightened with passage of the "law for the defense of the Italian race." That law prohibited interracial marriages involving Italian Aryans, and declared that such marriages would not be recognized.”

The United Jewish appeal consisted of a counsel of people dedicated to raising money to assist the Jews and improve their situation prior to and following the Holocaust.  The counsels were also responsible for trying to make the Vatican responsible for its action or inaction at regarding the Jewish atrocities during the Nazi regime.