What was the U.S motivation in adopting the Marshall Plan in 1947? How well did it succeed in achieving its goals?u.s history stuff....

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brettd eNotes educator| Certified Educator

Soon after World War II, amidst the devastation and poverty of postwar Europe, communist rebellions broke out in Greece and Turkey.  This immediately got the attention of President Truman, as he became aware how aggressive the Soviet Empire was going to attempt to expand communism in the region and the world, and he moved to stop the rebellions with $900 million in military aid.

The Marshall Plan had the same goal but more peaceful means.  Europe needed to be rebuilt, that was a fact.  But a Europe which witnessed a democratic nation, the US, financing and rebuilding their streets, buildings, dams, bridges, roads and schools would have the best possible public relations effect.  The Soviets would look aggressive (because they were) and the US would look generous and friendly. A more stable economy in Western Europe was the result and communism had a much more difficult time taking root there.

pohnpei397 eNotes educator| Certified Educator

The main motivation for adopting the Marshall Plan was to stop the spread of communism.  It worked quite well since none of the countries that were included in the Marshall Plan actually became communist.

After WWII, the countries of Western Europe were in seriously bad shape economically.  They had been devastated by the war.  The US was afraid that poverty would make the people of those countries want to become communist.  So the US started the Marshall Plan to make the countries prosperous and less likely to turn to communism.

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