In the War of 1812, the Americans and the British were fighting over which country would control the western territory. The war began with many British victories, as they captured Fort Mackinac and Fort Detroit in the Michigan Territory and Fort Dearborn in the Illinois Territory. General William Henry Harrison established a fort on the south side of the Maumee River on February 2, 1813, and named it for the Governor of Ohio, Jonathon Meigs.
The fort would serve as an important player in the way. It was home to more than 2,000 U.S. armymen and militia. Although the British laid siege to the fort on May 1, 1813, it was not captured like other forts. Harrison and his troops were prepared, and withstood the British attack for four days, at which point a troop of Kentucky militia arrived to help. The siege lasted a total of 9 days, and then the British soldiers gave up and returned to Canada. This failure, the first significant one for the British, is what marked the turning point. It gave the Americans new hope, and was the start of more victories, including another attack on this particular fort.