Why Was The War Of 1812 A Turning Point For The Early United States
In the War of 1812, the Americans and the British were fighting over which country would control the western territory. The war began with many British victories, as they captured Fort Mackinac and Fort Detroit in the Michigan Territory and Fort Dearborn in the Illinois Territory. General William Henry Harrison established a fort on the south side of the Maumee River on February 2, 1813, and named it for the Governor of Ohio, Jonathon Meigs.
The fort would serve as an important player in the way. It was home to more than 2,000 U.S. armymen and militia. Although the British laid siege to the fort on May 1, 1813, it was not captured like other forts. Harrison and his troops were prepared, and withstood the British attack for four days, at which point a troop of Kentucky militia arrived to help. The siege lasted a total of 9 days, and then the British soldiers gave up and returned to Canada. This failure, the first significant one for the British, is what marked the turning point. It gave the Americans new hope, and was the start of more victories, including another attack on this particular fort.
The series of American naval victories in 1813 beginning with the Constitution and United States had the capacity to boost American morale, the shift in the American mindset had such an impact, that although indirect allowed the United States to turn the tide of the war. It is in this year that a famous battle cry would be born. "Don't give up the ship" was the rally that the Americans needed to secure the American ship Chesapeake from hands of the British. One key to the turning point of the war occurred when the United States gained control of Lake Erie. This waterway was the super highway of the day, without this military holding the Americans would never have been able to gain the footholds they would need to foster their resolve. THE turning point...Baltimore, 1814. Fort McHenry held it's ground, and the British were forced south. Perhaps the best reminder of this turning point are the lyrics to the United States' national anthem. Francis Scott Key witnessed this crucial moment in history and penned the words that continue to remind us that steadfastness and faith are cruical elements in the American experience.
The Battle at Fort Meigs was the turning point of the War of 1812, a naval warfare between Britain and the America. It was a very close fight, but with Britain successfully defeating America's naval fleet many times. This war started as a counter to Britain's support of American Indian tribes who were fighting against them, and Britain's motive for war was to serve as a warning to America that they should retract their monetary support towards France, whom Britain are then engaging a war with them at that time. This threats hit America, and to protect his honor and his sovereignty, and risk further humiliation, America struck back, causing a conflict between the two superpowers.
The battle of Ford Meigs proved to be a crucial pivotal point for USA, as they had already lose many naval battles with Britain, accompanied by losses of many of their ports in the coastal areas. So, for the port Ford Meigs, to prevent it from falling under the hands of the British Empire, they stocked it with defensive power, and put more manpower and machinery to safeguard the sacred place. Despite the attempts made by Britain to capture the port, it proved futile as the port withstand the frenzied attempts of bombardment, the fort still remained strong. The defense was led by Major General Henry Harrison. Knowing that they had already lost Fort Mackinac and Fort Detroit in the Michigan Territory and also the Ford Dearborn in the Illinois territory, they could not afford to lose more ports or face utter collapse, so their only hope of survival was Ford Meigs.
The battle continued for four days, with no result, and Britain was suffering from many casualties and also from tiredness from the battle, they were forced to retreat to Canada, and this change the whole complexion of battle, leading to America victory.