What was Thoreau's philosophy in this story?What is the main point to this book?

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Ashley Kannan eNotes educator| Certified Educator

I think that the question is a good one, but rather profound in its reach.  Hopefully, others will join in on this one and between multiple responses, you will have a good read of this work.  I think that Walden was an expression of Thoreau's affirmation of transcendentalism.  Thoreau felt that the emerging voice of industry and urbanization in the United States cried out for a need to inject personal emotions into the consciousness of human being in the world.  This allows Thoreau to view the world with an understanding that sees consciousness and living as something where there is a sense of interconnectedness to things and events.  The philosophy seeks to bring together the individual subjective experience as something reflected in nature and in the world, in general.  Additionally, this drive for individuality and its expression is of vital importance to Thoreau and helps animate the work.  His construction of the work is one of those elements.  He writes it sitting alone, communicating with nature and his thoughts.  This is one of those examples where individuality is present and Thoreau lauds it as vitally important to an individual and their consciousness in the world.