Jefferson's vision for the United States was that it would become an agrarian nation, composed of white yeoman farmers who owned their own lands. He viewed European societies, especially Great Britain, as corrupt, controlled by moneyed interests and afflicted with the problems that he saw as endemic in urban settings. He thought a society based on manufacturing would always generate class conflict, and he once famously compared cities and the mobs of working class people who inhabited them to "sores" on the body politic. Small landholders, on the other hand, would be independent of the influence of wealthy men, and they would thus be able to participate in republican government. He described these farmers as "the chosen people of God," and he thought that the massive exports that would be generated by their work (and that of enslaved people) could best maintain American independence.
Jefferson sought to promote his vision through westward expansion. He drafted the Land Ordinance of 1784, which facilitated the incorporation of territories west of the Appalachian Mountains. As President, he authorized the Louisiana Purchase, which added the vast territory between the Rocky Mountains and the Mississippi River to what he called an "empire of liberty." Jefferson's vision for the United States was complicated by slavery, which he thought would eventually die out as enslaved people were diffused into the West. He thus opposed restrictions on the spread of the institution in the nineteenth century. As for Native Americans, Jefferson gradually moved from a policy of assimilation to advocating forced removal in the nineteenth century. His vision for America, complete with the liberties he imagined would flow from an agrarian society, was ultimately for the benefit of white people.