Trail of Tears

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What was the Trail of Tears?  

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The term "Trail of Tears" has been used both as a general term, referring to the removal of Native American peoples from the southeastern United States to the West, and more specifically, referring to the forced relocation of the Cherokee tribe in 1838.

The first priority of Andrew Jackson upon attaining the presidency in 1829 was the removal of what were considered "civilized" Native American tribes, including the Choctaw, Creek, Seminole, Chickasaw, and Cherokee peoples, from their tribal lands in the southeastern part of the United States to territory west of the Mississippi River. In 1830, Jackson was responsible for the passage of the "Indian Removal Act," which entitled the president to designate land west of the Mississippi to be provided in exchange for Native American tribal land in the southeast.

The members of these tribes responded to this...

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