In What Way Did The Relationship Between The United States And The Soviet Union Change After World War Ii?

What was the relationship between USA and USSR before and after the World War II? I'm interested in how it deteriorated.

The relationship between the USA and the USSR deteriorated after World War II. Although they had worked together to defeat Nazi Germany, the two countries had very different views of postwar Europe. Stalin's takeover of Eastern Europe was opposed by the US. The differing ideologies of communism and capitalism, dictatorship and democracy, separated the two countries when they emerged as competing superpowers. Tensions were heightened by the use of the atomic bomb in World War II and the subsequent nuclear arms race.

Expert Answers

An illustration of the letter 'A' in a speech bubbles

Before World War II, the US and USSR had a strained relationship due to sharp ideological differences. Although the Russian Revolution of 1917 was initially seen as democratic—with the peasant majority resisting the power of the Tsar—the ensuing rise of the Bolsheviks was not supported by the US. The US government refused to recognize the new regime until 1933, and American President Roosevelt condemned the Soviet dictatorship. When the Soviets entered into a pact with Nazi Germany in 1939, and then attacked Finland and absorbed parts of Eastern Europe, Americans were even more suspicious of them.

During World War II, however, the opposing views of communism and capitalism were set aside to deal with the threat of Nazi fascism. Things changed when Nazi Germany attacked the USSR; after this, the US and USSR entered an uneasy alliance from 1941 to 1945. Attacking Nazi Germany on two fronts was essential to draining its resources and ensuring its defeat. Even during this time, however,...

(The entire section contains 4 answers and 897 words.)

Unlock This Answer Now

Start your 48-hour free trial to unlock this answer and thousands more. Enjoy eNotes ad-free and cancel anytime.

Start your 48-Hour Free Trial

Already a member? Log in here.

Approved by eNotes Editorial Team

Posted on

An illustration of the letter 'A' in a speech bubbles
Approved by eNotes Editorial Team

Posted on

An illustration of the letter 'A' in a speech bubbles
Approved by eNotes Editorial Team

Posted on

An illustration of the letter 'A' in a speech bubbles
Approved by eNotes Editorial Team

Posted on