What was the reason for early people to become settlers from nomadic life?

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Nomadic hunter-gatherer societies sustained themselves predominately by hunting large, migrating land mammals, following them for days and weeks on end. Researchers assert that sedentary living first went through an intermediary period, during which stone dwellings were built but people still hunted for food and moved on when animal sources migrated.

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Nomadic hunter-gatherer societies sustained themselves predominately by hunting large, migrating land mammals, following them for days and weeks on end. Researchers assert that sedentary living first went through an intermediary period, during which stone dwellings were built but people still hunted for food and moved on when animal sources migrated.

Around 10,000 years ago, farming communities began to be established, with agriculture being the source of sustenance. Original planted food sources included wheat and barley, and hogs were among the first animals to be domesticated. Further evidence of this transition period is indicated by archaeological evidence of rival hunter-gatherer societies and sedentary communities. Hunter-gatherers would conduct small raids on farms and unfortified settlements.

Overall, stable food supplies and permanent settlements became more convenient and desirable for previous hunter-gatherers communities. Larger quantities of food associated with farming allowed for a gradual increase in population that would settle the land across generations, paving the way for increasingly complex societies.

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