The Souls of Black Folk by W. E. B. Du Bois

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What was the problem of the color line?

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To Du Bois the color line is the separation that exists between blacks and whites in United States society. He calls it a "veil" that hides the true nature of the black race from the white. It is a problem, because as long as blacks in America are defined primarily as black, and not as American, they remain separated from the larger society. Moreover, the color line creates in the black soul a "double consciousness."

Blacks, says Du Bois, long to feel integrated internally...

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