What was the name of the first political party that Hitler joined after WWI? The German Worker’s Party soon became known as the Nazi’s as it become more radicalized. What was the official (long) name of the Nazi party and what was its official symbol? Identify three items Hitler drafted within the platform of the Nazi party. On what date did the Beer Hall Putsch occur? How was the Beer Hall Putsch significant in terms of the “rise of Hitler?” Was the Putsch successful?


Hitler first joined the German Workers Party, which later became the National Socialist German Workers Party, or Nazis. The symbol of the Nazis was the swastika. Nazi programs created under Hitler included the Hitler Youth to train young people, an ethnic hierarchy led by the Aryan race, and pogroms to eliminate undesirables. The Beer Hall Putsch, which took place on November 8, 1923, failed, but its fame propelled Hitler into political importance.

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Adolf Hitler was born in the town of Braunau am Inn, Austria, on April 20, 1889. In his youth, he wanted to become an artist; however, after being rejected from the Academy of Fine Arts in Vienna, he became interested in politics. Despite being an Austrian citizen, he served in the German army during World War I and received medals for bravery in battle.

When Germany lost the war, Hitler blamed German traitors rather than the enemy. In 1919, he joined the German Workers Party, an organization that promoted anti-Semitism and German nationalism. Hitler's charisma as a public speaker assisted him in rising in the party's ranks. In 1920, he began to manage propaganda for the party, and in 1921 he assumed overall leadership. By then, the party had been renamed the National Socialist German Workers Party, or Nazi Party. The name of the party in German was Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei.

The symbol of the Nazi party was designed by Hitler. It consisted of a swastika, also known as a hooked cross or hakenkreuz, in a white circle with a red background. This symbol became feared throughout Europe in the years to come.

Hitler was responsible for many items in the Nazi party platform. For instance, he established a hierarchy of ethnic purity with the Aryan race at the top. He established death camps in which not only Jews but also communists, Gypsies, intellectuals, artists, the handicapped, and homosexuals would be imprisoned and murdered. He created the Hitler Youth to train and propagandize young people.

Hitler used strong-arm squads called Sturmabteilung, or SA, to act as guards at party meetings and to harass his political opponents. On November 8, 1923, Hitler and some of the SA interrupted a political gathering in a beer hall. Hitler took over the meeting at gunpoint and proclaimed national revolution. He and his followers led a crowd to the center of Munich, where they exchanged gunfire with the police. This became known as the Beer Hall Putsch. Hitler was arrested and sent to prison, where he composed his famous book Mein Kampf, which outlined his ideology. Although the Beer Hall Putsch was ostensibly a failure in that the revolution did not then succeed, it propelled Hitler into the national spotlight as an important political figure.

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