The government of the New England Colonies was similar to the government in the other colonies. The colonies were established through a royal charter which provided for the position of governor in each colony. The governor was appointed by the King and had ultimate authority over the colony.
However, colonists also elected members to a colonial legislature, which could pass laws that regulated the day-to-day lives of colonists. These legislatures were often also tasked with establishing the salary of the governor, which gave the legislature some power over the governor.
The main difference between New England and the other colonies was the prominence of local town governance and the importance of the town hall meeting. This was largely an outgrowth of the Mayflower Compact, which gave these colonies a legacy of self-governance.