What was the economic impact of the Columbian Exchange on European mercantilism?  

The Columbian Exchange involved the exchange of flora, fauna, and disease between the Eastern and Western Hemispheres, contributing to the growing primacy of the Atlantic in the world economy. Meanwhile, mercantilists called for the manipulation of trade on the part of the State to maximize a country's wealth. Mercantilists sought to exploit the opportunities which emerged from the Age of Exploration to greatly increase the wealth of the state.

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The Age of Exploration had a profound impact on shaping the Early Modern Era, as European countries gained access to the Americas. The Columbian Exchange emerged out of this expansion. It refers to the exchange of flora and fauna (as well as diseases) between these two distant parts of the world. What we see, economically speaking, during this time period is that the older trade routes (centered around the Mediterranean and the Silk Road) were being supplanted by a new trading network centered around the Atlantic. This contributed to the rise of new Great Powers such as Spain and England (while older economic powers such as Venice would be unable to compete).

Be aware, however, that during this same time period we associate with the Columbian Exchange and colonization, we'd also be looking at the rise of increasingly professionalized standing armies as well as the increasing centralization of power by the state (both of which required the expenditure of monetary resources). From this...

(The entire section contains 5 answers and 955 words.)

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