The Spanish-American War

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What was the conclusion of the Spanish-American War?

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The Spanish-American War concluded with the United States winning the war very easily.  At the conclusion of the war, many of Spain's remaining overseas possessions were taken from Spain and either given their independence or put into the possession of other countries.

The United States took a few of Spain's possessions for itself.  For example, it took Puerto Rico, the Philippines, and the island of Guam in the Northern Mariana Islands (in the western Pacific).  Cuba, which was one of the major reasons for the war, was given at least nominal independence.

With its military decisively defeated and its territories taken away, Spain came out very badly at the conclusion of this war.

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What were the consequences of the Spanish-American War?

For the United States, the major consequence of this war was that the US became an imperial power.  Up until that time, the US had taken very little in the way of overseas territories.  But with this war, it came to have possessions in the Caribbean (Puerto Rico) and in Asia (Guam and the Philippines). 

By winning this war, the US came to be much more willing to throw its weight around in world affairs.  The US started to intervene in Latin America under the Roosevelt Corollary to the Monroe Doctrine.  It started to insist on being taken seriously as a power in Asia, with the Open Door policy and with Roosevelt’s mediation of the Russo-Japanese War.

All in all, the war made America much more aggressive in foreign affairs and made it into an imperial power.

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