What was the temperance movement and why was it so popular amongst so many factions? How did the temperance movement ultimately succeed?
My teacher also said to look at the Amendments to the Constitution, but I absolutely have no idea how to answer the question. Please help.
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The temperance movement was also known as the movement to initiate prohibition. Prohibition is the absolute outlaw of all recreational alcohol. The reason it was so popular among so many factions was that it was portrayed to be solution of societies ill. Namely, that men would be better behaved if they did not have access to alcohol. The temperance movement believed that alcohol was a source of evil and inhibited immoral behavior in anyone whom partook in the consumption of it. The temperance movement ultimately succeeded in 1919 with the ratification of the 18th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution. The 18th Amendment outlawed the consumption and manufacturing of alcohol within the United States. It was somewhat ineffective however because the citizens inevitably found a way around it. It led to the rise of mobs in many major U.S. cities, which found profit in the business of manufacturing and selling alcohol illegally. They opened illegal bars, known as "speakeasies", which sold alcohol to the American people. The temperance movement did succeed in institution prohibition, but was inneffective because alcohol was still availiable, and prohibition was short lived since the 18th Amendment institution prohibtion was later repealed by the 21st Amendment to the Constitution, ratified in 1933, which made the 18th Amendment null and void and made the manufacturing, selling, and consumption of alcohol once again legal in the United States of America.
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