The main impact that this war had was to increase the area of Africa in which the British had control. The war was fought because there were powerful Zulu kingdoms that stood in the way of British policy in the area. The British wanted to create a federation of British and Boer territories in Southern Africa. The whites in these territories could then dominate the native Africans. But this plan was difficult to achieve so long as the powerful native kingdoms were still in existence. For this reason (and because of the need to subdue the natives in areas where diamonds had been found), the Zulu War was fought. It ended in British victory, allowing the British Empire to expand its control in Southern Africa.