What was the significance of the Greek sculptor Phidias?

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kipling2448 eNotes educator| Certified Educator

Arguably one of the greatest sculptors in human history, Phidias (c. 480-430 BC) lived in the time of ancient Greece.  In addition to his skills as a sculptor, he was also an acclaimed architect, with the Parthenon standing (literally) as one of the most admired structures in the world.  Among Phidias’ most respected sculptures was the statue of Zeus at Olympia and the goddess Athena that was situated in the Parthenon.  In addition to being a gifted sculptor and architect, Phidias was also an important advisor the Greek general and statesman Pericles, with the two collaborating in their plan to improve Athens.  His political role in Athens would entail the making of enemies who accused of him of pilfering the gold used in the statue of Athena.  Phidias was subsequently imprisoned, where he died.  His statue of Zeus at Olympia, despite being destroyed by fire during the 5th Century A.D., would be designated one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World.