What was the role of women in Julius Caesar by William Shakespeare?

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In Julius Caesar by William Shakespeare, it is a man’s world.  In the Roman world, women were irrelevant.  They were not allowed to speak in public and were barred from the world of politics.  

A woman’s main function was to serve in the home.  Women in the Shakespearean plays were used to oppose the values of a masculine world. There are only two female characters in Julius Caesar. Calpurnia and Portia love and serve their husbands. 

Calpurnia’s character analysis

Julius Caesar’s wife was Calpurnia.   A wife’s role is as worrier about the safety of her husband.  Calpurnia exclaims: “You shall not stir out of your house today.”

Her purpose in the play was to foreshadow the death of Caesar at the senate.  On the eve of the Ides of March, Calpurnia has a portentous dream.  Calpurnia imagines herself to be “A lioness [that] hath whelped in the streets.”   In comparison, Caesar has asserted that he does not fear death end.  Caesar tells the dream himself:

Calpurnia here, my wife, stays me at home:
She dreamt to-night she saw my statue
Which, like a fountain with an hundred spouts,
Did run pure blood: and many...

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