What was the role of women according to Hammurabi's code?

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In Hammurabi's Code, a woman was considered the property of her father or husband, who administered her dowry. If a woman died, her dowry would go back to her father, to her brothers, or to her sons. A woman's sexuality was also highly guarded, showing that she was considered the property of her husband. For example, if a married woman were found guilty of adultery, she could be drowned (or only saved at the mercy of her husband). Adultery went against the laws of the community that regarded women as property. However, women were afforded some protections in the society, particularly if they were mothers. A man with children who left his wife had to give her custody of the children as well as the dowry and the use of a field or other property to support herself and her children. Widows were also given some protections, such as the right to stay in their husband's houses for as long as they wanted (unless they chose to remarry). While women were inferior in status to men in Hammurabi's...

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