The Round Table Conference was a series of political meetings which were held between 1930 and 1932. To give context, the British government assumed direct rule over India after the Sepoy Rebellion in 1857, with the British Raj replacing the East India Company in 1858. Over these decades under Parliamentary Rule, an Indian brand of nationalism was flourishing. The Indian National Congress was set up in 1885, and the Muslim League broke off in 1906. In 1914, Mohandes Gandhi returned to India from South Africa and would later be famous for launching the Civil Disobedience Movement.
The Round Table Conference was held in London and included both leaders in the British government as well as representatives from India itself, with the intention of discussing plans for a Constitutional Government in India. The first of the three sessions was boycotted by the Indian National Congress (which was at the time engaged in protests against the British government), though Gandhi did participate in the second discussion. The results of these discussions were largely inconclusive, but these talks helped to influence the Government of India Act in 1935, which granted partial autonomy to India. Independence from Britain would not be achieved until 1947.