What was the role of the Committee of Public Safety in the French Revolution?
The Committee of Public Safety served as the executive power of France from 1793-1795. It reached the peak of its powers from August 1793 to July 1794 under the leadership of Maximilien Robespierre. During this period, the Committee sentenced thousands of Frenchmen to death for allegedly being enemies of the Republic and the Revolution. The larger role of the Committee was to both enforce the laws made by the National Convention, and to orchestrate and manage the war effort. To that end, it controlled rationing and price-fixing measures, military requisitioning, conscription, and many other aspects of the war effort. However, it is most remembered for the thousands of French people that its members consigned to the guillotine during the Reign of Terror.