What was the "Great Awakening" in U.S. history?

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linda-allen eNotes educator| Certified Educator

The Great Awakening was a revival movement that spread across both Britain and the American Colonies in the mid 1700s. John and Charles Wesley were prominent religious leaders in the Methodist movement within the Church of England, which eventually caused a split and led to the formation of the Methodist Church. In America, the revival was mostly among followers of Calvinism. Revivalist preachers urged people to fear God's punishment and turn from sin. The foremost revivalist preacher in America was Jonathon Edwards, whose most famous sermon is "Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God."

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jhsierra eNotes educator| Certified Educator

The Great Awakening was a religious revival in America, beginning around the 1730s. It was characterized by a resurgence of interest in religion and an increase in the number of new sects in existence. Its focus on individual salvation, rather than predestination, also resulted in increased questioning of government/church power as believers questioned not just the role of the priest/preacher, but also that of other leaders who claimed divine rights.

revolution | Student

This golden period was the greatest religious revival in American history. This widespread revivals were led by evangelical Protestant members, who have a stronger interest in the religion, whom have a profound sense of guilt towards the Protestant God, and the redemption and the cleansing of the ones who are affected, which invoked the formation of new religious movements. It believes in the power of salvation and to turn away from sin and other desires, and to fear God and his punishment to those who provoke him. The "Great Awakening" begin around the 1730s, followed by the second one during 1800-1840 and the third one during 18890-1910 before the strong fervor calmed and was soon diminished. This holy period change the face of America's history forever and are embedded into their hearts for generation to come.

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