In the novel Gulliver's Travels, Gulliver lands on the island of miniaturized people Lilliput, and finds them very trivial in nature. They are constantly at odds with their neighboring island, Blefuscu, and they end up engaging in war. They ask the giant Gulliver to help them conquer and enslave Blefuscu but he refuses, resulting in his eventual departure.
The reasoning behind this war was one of "religious principle" as a certain religious debate had come up between the two that was irreparable. This debate was which end of an egg to crack when cooking it—the big end or the small end. The Blefuscuns were "Big Endians" and this angered the Lilliputians to no end.
The resulting war was used to satirize the petty squabbles and drama that would cause countries such as England, France, and Portugal to engage in war.