The Quartering Act was passed to help the British defend the colonies. When the British defeated the French in the French and Indian War, the British gained lots of land in North America. The colonists were very excited because they thought they would have access to this land. However, the British passed the Proclamation of 1763. This prevented the colonists from going to these new lands that were west of the Appalachian Mountains. The British passed this law because they were concerned the Native Americans would attack the colonists who might move to these new lands. After all, most Native Americans supported France in the French and Indian War.
The colonists were upset and threatened to defy the Proclamation of 1763. The British brought soldiers to enforce the Proclamation of 1763. The Quartering Act required the colonists to provide housing or quarters for the British soldiers. The colonists were furious that they had to pay to house soldiers to enforce a law that they opposed. This was another example of an unpopular British law that eventually led to the Revolutionary War.