What was the purpose of Jing-mei's mother offering her the piano on her 30th birthday in "Two Kinds"?

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Throughout the story, Jing-Mei and her mother engage in a battle of wills over her playing the piano. Once Jing-Mei completes her disastrous talent show performance, she assumes that she "would never have to play the piano again," but her mother treats her as if the fiasco had never happened. Jing-Mei argues that she isn't going to play the piano anymore, and she sees her mother's chest "heaving up and down in an angry way." She physically drags her on to the piano bench and declares that she will only accept an obedient daughter. When Jing-Mei says that she wishes she were dead like her mother's other babies from China, her mother is "stunned" and seems to blow away "like a small leaf."   

Jing-Mei says that she spent the next several years disappointing her mother, "asserting [her] will, [her] right to fall short of expectations." She could have gotten better grades or gone to a better college. They never discussed the piano again; there were no more lessons. When her mother offers her the piano, she says what she's only told Jing-Mei before, that she has talent but that she just doesn't try. This, to me, sounds more like resignation: her mother isn't sad or angry, but, rather, she simply believes that her daughter could be more than she thinks, and she's given up trying to convince her daughter of that. The fact that Jing-Mei feels "proud" and "as if the piano were a shiny trophy that [she] had won back" seems to indicate that she thinks of the piano as proof that she has finally won this battle of wills. Her mother has given up, and perhaps she has learned to recognize that only Jing-Mei can convince herself that she is capable of more.

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I think if we look at the story carefully we can see that it actually is a peace offering and a final acceptance on the part of the mother that her daughter has chosen her own way and she cannot pressurise her any more to be something that she doesn't want to. Note how when Jing-Mei's mother tells her that she can pick up the piano again quickly, she says these words to Jing-Mei without emotion:

"You just not trying," said my mother. And she was neither angry or sad. She said it as if to announce a fact that could never be disproved. "Take it," she said.

The absence of emotion is a key factor that supports Jing-Mei's interpretation of this offering as a "sign of forgiveness, a tremendous burden removed." Finally, her mother has accepted her on her own terms rather than constantly wishing and forcing her to be who she wasn't. The fact that Jing-Mei regards the piano as a "shiny trophy" indicates that she sees that she has been victorious in winning the conflict against her mother.

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