The Proclamation of 1763

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What was the Proclamation of 1763?

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The Proclamation of 1763 was a royal order from the king saying that American colonists could not settle or trade west of the Appalachian Mountains.  This was one of the first acts of the British government that sent the colonists down the road to rebellion.

After the French and Indian War, the British government wanted to keep its costs down.  One way to do this was to stabilize relations with the Native Americans so that there would not be any demands on British troops to keep settlers safe.  The British government also wanted better control over the fur trade with the Indians.  For these reasons, the government did not want settlers west of the mountains. 

The proclamation ended up being very important.  It was one of the first actions of the British government that made the colonists feel that they were being controlled to an excessive degree by the government.  This helped create unhappiness among the colonists.  This discontent eventually built up due to other actions of the government and led to the Revolutionary War.

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Explain the Proclamation of 1763.

At the conclusion of the Seven Years' War, King George III issued a proclamation as part of a wider attempt to consolidate Britain's control over its growing empire. To that end, the proclamation declared all lands west of the Appalachian Divide strictly off-limits to further colonial settlement or expansion. Halting expansion was one way of making it easier for Britain to manage and defend its territories, thus ensuring the continued prosperity of the empire.

There were broadly two objectives contained in the proclamation. The first was to protect American settlers against attacks by Native American tribes.

The second main objective was to defend Native Americans against increased attacks from white settlers eager to grab more land and resources. In that sense, the 1763 proclamation can be seen as an attempt to placate Native American sentiment, especially in the aftermath of a revolt led by the Odawa chief Pontiac.

For the most part, the proclamation was successful and contributed to the growing prosperity of Britain's American colonies. At the same time, the prohibition on westward expansion was deeply unpopular among many farmers and homesteaders, and a number of violations of the relevant provisions occurred.

Nevertheless, the Proclamation of 1763 formed the basis of law in relation to Native Americans right up until the eve of revolution. But once the American colonists declared their independence from the British, the proclamation no longer enjoyed any effective legal force. The subsequent American victory in the Revolutionary Wars helped pave the way for continued western trade and expansion, with damaging long-term consequences for Native Americans.

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What is a short explanation of the Proclamation of 1763?

The Proclamation of 1763 was passed after the French and Indian War ended. The British had gained a lot of land from France. The Native Americans, who had sided with the French, were fearful the British would expand to these lands. Thus, the Native Americans threatened to attack if the British and colonists moved west.

As a result, the British passed the Proclamation of 1763. This law prevented the colonists from moving west of the Appalachian Mountains. The British passed this law to try to keep the colonists safe. The colonists resented this law because they wanted to move to these lands so they could own land. Land ownership was very important to the colonists. In many places, owning land was a requirement to vote. Thus, the colonists vowed to ignore this law. This was the first of many laws that put the British and the colonists on the path toward war.

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