What was the previous Receiver's job with Jonas in The Giver?

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The previous Receiver of Memory's job was to preserve the memories of humanity's past before Sameness and to consult the Committee of Elders when they needed his advice concerning certain policy decisions. The previous Receiver of Memory's job is to also train the new Receiver of Memory.

In the story, Jonas is selected to be the new Receiver of Memory during the annual Ceremony of Twelve. When Jonas arrives at the Annex to begin training for his new Assignment, the previous Receiver of Memory informs Jonas that he is now the Giver of Memory. The Giver's job is to transfer the preserved memories of humanity's past to Jonas, who is the community’s new Receiver of Memory. The Giver is depicted as an older man who is extremely wise and lonely. The Giver proceeds to transfer humanity's memories—both positive and negative—to Jonas, which is an arduous task. As Jonas receives the memories, he gains perspective on his community and gradually desires to alter his society for the better.

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In this book, the previous Receiver of Memory has to give all of his memories to Jonas.  He is also supposed to teach Jonas how to deal with having all these new memories and how to use them to help the community. Jonas asks the previous Receiver what he should call him.  The previous Receiver decides that his job should now be described as the Giver of Memory.  This is where the title of the book comes from.

Much of the second part of the book is devoted to "watching" as the Giver gives Jonas memories and these memories change Jonas's way of thinking.

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