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What was Plato's ideal government?

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Plato's ideal government is often referred to as the kallipolis in secondary literature: this name comes from the Greek "kallos" (beautiful, noble, fine) + "polis" (city-state). His kallipolis consists of three classes: the ruling philosopher kings and queens, the auxiliary warriors, and the moneymaking artisans and merchants. At birth, they are all told a noble lie and only the philosopher kings and queens are privy to the truth; the others are told that they were all born into a certain 'metal' and thus destined to occupy the place that they do. This prevents any kind of class struggle or uprising. In Book IV of the Republic, Plato describes justice as each class doing what it ought to do and not meddling in the business of the other classes. Thus the philosophers rule, the auxiliaries aid them and take care of military matters, and the moneymaking class consents to being ruled by the other two. This most closely...

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