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What was Martin Luther's contribution to theology?

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Martin Luther is responsible for creating the 95 Theses, which were a criticism of the Catholic Church. He is considered the father of Protestantism.  Luther criticized the use of indulgences and the corruption in the Catholic Church at the time.  Luther wanted to get back to the way the church was constructed in the time of Christ as seen in the New Testament.  In keeping with the Renaissance values of the day, Luther got back to the "original sources," meaning the letters of St. Paul and the teaching of Christ.  Luther encouraged Christians to read the Bible more for their own understanding of the Gospel.  He stated...

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