"Black Boy" was first published in 1945. It is Richard Wright's autobiography. In it, he shows how he was able to break away from the system of racial segregation that existed at that time. One of the things Wright focuses on is his discovery of literature and his ability to use language to cope with the inequities of Black life in 1940's America. One of the main ideas of the book is his struggle and ultimate victory learning to express himself as a writer.