The two earliest Aegean civilizations were the Minoan and Mycenaean cultures. The Minoan civilization was located on the island of Crete. It was an advanced urban civilization that was very strong in the areas of art and architecture. The Minoans had a fairly egalitarian civilization and women were highly regarded. The Minoans relied on trade overseas to drive their economy. There is no strong evidence to suggest the Minoans cared much about military achievement.
The Mycenaeans, on the other hand, were a more stratified civilization that relied heavily on military achievement. The Mycenaeans, from mainland Greece, did not seem to have a culturally advanced civilization like the Minoans. In fact, the Mycenaeans adopted many elements of culture from the island of Crete. The Mycenaeans were a patriarchal society with strict class lines. The two civilizations also spoke different languages.