John Quincy Adams's Presidency Questions and Answers

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What was the main difference between John Quincy Adams' "American System" and the economic approaches of Andrew Jackson?

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As president, John Quincy Adams, at least tacitly, supported most of the aims of the so-called "American System," the plan for integrating and developing the United States economically. Broadly speaking, the plan included federal investment in building roads and other projects, the establishment of protective tariffs that favored American manufactured goods, a national bank, and other inducements to manufacturing. The idea among many politicians was that these measures would tie the different regions of the nation together economically. The growth of manufacturing, it was thought, would only benefit the nation as a whole, especially textiles, which would be spun and woven in Northern mills from using Southern cotton. Some leaders, however, were bitterly opposed to these measures. Most of these men were from the South, where tariffs were seen as bad for Southern exports and as efforts to raise prices. Additionally, many (but by no means all) Southerners saw federal involvement in...

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