What was the long-term strategy of the United States during the Cold War?

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The long term strategy of the United States during the Cold War was attempt to limit the presence of Communism by not allowing its future increase.  America had already come to grips with the reality that there were going to be two superpowers, it and Communist Russia.  In preventing its...

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The long term strategy of the United States during the Cold War was attempt to limit the presence of Communism by not allowing its future increase.  America had already come to grips with the reality that there were going to be two superpowers, it and Communist Russia.  In preventing its future increase in other countries, the United States never really confronted Russia directly, but rather sought to combat Communism's growth in other nations.  This helped to increase the United States' involvement in nations like Vietnam and in the Korean peninsula.  Part of this strategy was aimed at winning "the hearts and minds" of people all over the world with a depiction of the United States as a land of freedom and opportunity, elements that could not be experienced in a Communist configuration.

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Containment was the ultimate goal.  Through financial aid (the Marshall Plan) and military support (NATO and the UN) the U.S. attempted to confine communism.  Unfortunately, it became apparent that it was not working as hoped.  Through the years, we watched China, N. Korea, Vietnam, Cuba, etc. succumbed to the ideology of communism.

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No, the strategy was definitely not McCarthyism.  McCarthyism was a domestic thing with the US trying to fight against communists who might be undermining the US from within.

The real long term strategy of the US against the Soviet Union and communism in general was the strategy of containment.  According to this strategy, we would not try to defeat communism -- we would not try to invade their countries and overthrow their governments.  Instead, what we would do would be to try to keep communism bottled up where it already was -- to not let it spread.

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