John Calvin Questions and Answers

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What was John Calvin’s contribution to the Protestant Reformation?

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John Calvin is mostly strongly associated with the doctrine of predestination. This theology maintains that an individual can be saved only by God. God has predestined or pre-ordained that certain people will go to heaven. This is based not on what they do or how they respond to God's call, but solely on God's will. However, even a person chosen by God can, through their own sin, negate that predestined fate and end up in hell. This is a controversial theology based in rejecting the Roman Catholic theology that a person can earn their way to heaven through good works.

Another theological position associated with Calvin is total depravity. This is the idea that every human is born with the capacity for sin; we all will sin or do something outside of God's will, no matter how good we are, because we live in a fallen world that confuses us about the nature of good and evil. However, humans are made in the image of God, so Calvin maintained that no human, no matter how bad, was utterly...

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