What was Japan's and China's response to early European contact?

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Both Japan and China were extremely wary of Europeans at the time of their early contacts.  There were at least two reasons for this.

First, both countries felt a certain degree of superiority over the Europeans.  Both countries felt that they were culturally superior and therefore did not need or...

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Both Japan and China were extremely wary of Europeans at the time of their early contacts.  There were at least two reasons for this.

First, both countries felt a certain degree of superiority over the Europeans.  Both countries felt that they were culturally superior and therefore did not need or want anything that the "barbarians" had to offer.  Second, both countries feared the influence of the Europeans in the political struggles of the time.  They worried about the influence that Catholic missionaries, in particular, might have.  For this reason, both countries tried to prevent the Europeans from having much contact with their people.  They did things like confining European contact to small areas in remote areas of the countries.  Japan later took this even farther by closing itself off completely in the Tokugawa period.

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