What was Jabez Wilson's job for the Red-Headed League?

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There is a short answer and a long answer to this question.

The league was ostensibly a society established by an eccentric rich man that benefited red-headed men by employing them. The league hired Jabez Wilson to come to its office and do bizarrely minor clerical work: spend the hours of 10-2 copying pages from Encyclopedia Britannica. Jabez spent seven weeks writing before he was informed that his services were no longer needed, because the league had ceased to function.

The long version is that Wilson's actual function for the "league" was dupe. The league did not exist, although someone did rent an office and he did go there and copy the book. Wilson had a real job, or rather business, that of pawnbroker. It was this business, especially its location, that made him useful to the people who invented the deception. They were paying him to be away from his shop so they could get up to no good there.

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Jabez Wilson is the person who initially comes to Sherlock Holmes as a client in "The Red-Headed League" by Sir Arthur Conan Doyle. He himself has red hair. His assistant, Vincent Spaulding, alerted him to an advertisement in a newspaper for a position working for the Red-Headed League that appeared to offer a fairly substantial salary for a minimal amount of work. Wilson applied for and obtained the position. 

The job was a very odd part-time one. It required his showing up to an office from 10:00 a.m. until 2:00 p.m. every day, before the start of his work in his pawn shop, which was his main business. When he was in the office, he was required to copy out pages from the Encyclopaedia Britannica by hand. He does this for several weeks progressing almost halfway through the "As", and then arrives at the office one day to discover that the League no longer exists. Puzzled by this turn of events, he talks to Holmes. 

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