What was the issue that divided the large and small states at the Constitutional Convention?

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pohnpei397 | College Teacher | (Level 3) Distinguished Educator

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The issue that divided the large and the small states at the Constitutional Convention was the issue of representation in the Congress.

One thing that the Constitutional Convention had to decide was how to make up the Congress.  They had to decide how many people each state should have in Congress.  The large states felt that representation in Congress should be based on population.  The more people a state had, the more representatives it should have in Congress.  The small states felt that each state was equal to every other state.  By their thinking, each state should have the same number of people in Congress.  This was the major issue that divided the large states and the small states at the Constitutional Convention.

This issue was settled when the Framers created the Great Compromise.  They created a bicameral Congress where each state would have equal representation in the Senate but representation in the House would be based on population.

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