What was the issue that divided the large and small states at the Constitutional Convention?

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At the Constitutional Convention, small states and large states were divided over the issue of representation in Congress. Representatives from the large states felt that they should have more representatives in Congress than the small states because they had more people living in their states. The representatives of the small states were concerned that their voices would not be heard if the large states had more representatives.

Fortunately, a compromise was reached, called the Great Compromise, which met the needs of both sides. Congress would have two houses. In the House of Representatives, the population of a state determined the number of representatives each state had. This favored the large states, because they would have more representatives than the small states. In the Senate, each state had two senators regardless of the size of the state’s population. This favored the small states because they had the same number of senators as the large states.

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The issue that divided the large and the small states at the Constitutional Convention was the issue of representation in the Congress.

One thing that the Constitutional Convention had to decide was how to make up the Congress.  They had to decide how many people each state should have in Congress.  The large states felt that representation in Congress should be based on population.  The more people a state had, the more representatives it should have in Congress.  The small states felt that each state was equal to every other state.  By their thinking, each state should have the same number of people in Congress.  This was the major issue that divided the large states and the small states at the Constitutional Convention.

This issue was settled when the Framers created the Great Compromise.  They created a bicameral Congress where each state would have equal representation in the Senate but representation in the House would be based on population.

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