Why Did Great Britain Industrialize First

Why did Great Britain take the lead in the Industrial Revolution?

Expert Answers
brettd eNotes educator| Certified Educator

Technology also determined Britain to be the leader in the industrial revolution.  With the advent of machinery that cold process raw cotton into textiles, industry spread across the major cities of the British Isles, fed by the resources and cash crops of the New World colonies, including the former colonies of the United States.

In the US, Britain became our best market for cotton because of this, and we also were able to successfully copy their machinery designs and bring industry to the United States, particularly in the northeast.

pohnpei397 eNotes educator| Certified Educator

The Industrial Revolution was a time when the world's economy started to be more industrialized -- things came to be made in factories rather than by individual artisans.

Great Britain took the lead in this largely because of geography.  Great Britain was lucky enough to have large deposits of coal that could be used to power the steam engines that ran the machinery.  And it had many rivers that could be used to transport the coal to the factories and the finished goods from the factories to the places where they would be sold.

krishna-agrawala | Student

Industrial revolution refer to rapid developments in technology and industry that took place around the world in eighteenth and about first half of nineteenth century. It created many fold increase in production of many kinds of goods.

Industrial revolution began in Great Britain in eighteenth century, and began to spread to other parts of Europe and America in late eighteenth century. By about mid nineteenth century it took firm roots in western Europe and northeastern USA.

The industrial revolution first developed in Great Britain for several reasons. The two most important of these are abundant supply of coal and iron and the economic advantages accruing to the country because of its colony. Coal and iron were two important raw material for sustaining the industrial revolution, and Great Britain had abundant supply of these two minerals. Also It could obtain other raw material from other colonies on highly favourable terms and at the same time could discourage other countries or the colonies themselves processing thee raw material into finished products. The colonies also provided Great Britain a captive market for their products.

natnat330 | Student

The industrial revolution was a time when Britains population was very high, the demand for clothing and other items was higher. At that time most peole were given raw materials which they took home to make whetever was needed then when they were finished they were handed back to the company (basically everyone worked from home). However because of the increasing population things were needed faster.To fill these needs people started to invent machines that could work a lot faster. Soon these machines were put into factories, and people were being hired to work there. Because people no longer needed handmade items, workers moved into the larger cities where factries (and therefore work) could be found. To accomodate all these people small rickety and cramped houses were built around the factories squeezed together with a narrow lane inbetween. Children from the age of 4 were also hired to work in the factories but they were paid very little and worked hard in tiring and dangerous conditions. As more factories were built and more people started working there, the whole of great Britain became richer, and more people became middle class. This was the industrial revolution.                            

Also Sorry but I don't know why Britain took the lead! :) x