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Carl Linnaeus was a Swedish botanist best known for his work on classifying and naming different biological organisms. He lived from 1707 to 1778 and did his most famous work during the middle part of his life. In 1731 he first published Systema Naturae where he introduced his method of classification for plants. He identified and grouped plants according to their reproductive parts (stamen and pistils) and divided groups of plants downward until the lowest set (species) was reached at which point no further division was possible. He started with only three classification levels (class, genus, and species) but in later printings added order as well. Several other levels have been added in the years since. This basic system is still in common use today for biologists to classify organisms.
The other major contribution of Linnaeus is the binomial nomenclature for naming plants. First introduced in his book Species Plantarum (1753), plants are named by their genus and species using the Latin names. Both words are italicized, and the first word is capitalized. This basic system has been utilized over the years to name all types of biological organisms.
Carl Linnaeus was a great Swedish botanist and said to be the father of modern botany was born in 1707. He followed the binomial system of nomenclature and described hundreds of plants from different parts of the world. He also revised many older genera and gave great stability to species. He published a number of important works, e.g., Genera Plantarum, Species Plantarum, Flora Lapponica, etc., in which he described hundreds of plants known at that time. Linnaeus proposed an artificial sexual system of classification containing twenty four classes. The plants were classified on the basis of number, cohesion, length and certain other characters of stamens.
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