This varied by class and by region, but women during this time were typically very important to a family's economic affairs. This was not a time when women were seen only as mothers who were not fit to do work. Of course, this does not mean that women had equal rights or anything like that. Instead, it just means that they were economically important in ways that they would not be in later times.
Women were important economically because most families worked on farms and needed everyone's contributions. Women might, for example, be in charge of taking care of chickens, collecting eggs, making thread, cloth and clothing, and raising vegetables in a garden. All of these activities were important to the family in an economic way.
While women were not legally or socially equal to men, they were very important economically.