What was the importance of the town of Peenemunde in World War II?
Peenemunde is a town on the Baltic Sea which housed important German army and Luftwaffe bases during World War II. Located on the Peene River on the island of Usedom, the town included Peenemunde Air Field and the Peenemunde Army Research Center, of which Werner von Braun was the chief director. The development and testing of the V-1, V-2 and V-3 rockets were begun in Peenemunde, as well as other experimental German aircraft, such as
- the Wasserfall, Schmetterling, Rheintochter, Taifun, and Enzian missiles
- the Messerschmitt Me 163 rocket-powered fighter
- the Heinkel He 176
Peenemunde was the target of Operation Hydra (part of Operation Crossbow) in which British bombers made a series of raids against a suspected hydrogen peroxide plant in 1943. Peenemunde also featured a plant that produced liquid oxygen, and an experimental supersonic wind tunnel. The town was captured by the Soviets in May 1945.