What was the impact of sugar growing on British West Indian society and rice growing on South Carolina's evolution?

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brettd eNotes educator| Certified Educator

These two lucrative cash crops introduced into British colonies in the Caribbean and in the South Carolina marshlands were labor intensive crops that required a lot of water and a lot of land.  African slaves quickly became the dominant source of this labor, and in South Carolina particularly because slaves stolen from West Africa already knew how to grow rice.

The large number of these slaves created an interesting cultural mix of African and English languages, customs and beliefs, with some native dialects and traditions blended in.

Charleston, South Carolina quickly became the largest slave market in North America, and Barbados in the Caribbean became the largest market there, in order to feed the sugar, spice, tobacco and rice cash crop plantations that made up most of the British imperial economy.